Narratives of Memory, Migration, and Xenophobia in the European Union and Canada is the distinct culmination of an intensive cross-cultural academic endeavour that explores how memories of the past are intricately intertwined with present-day realities and future aspirations. The book is based on a range of experiences that stem from a summer field school focusing on landscapes of memory in Hungary, Germany, France, and Canada, in the context of migration and xenophobia. Contributors include Canadian and European academics; directors, researchers, and educators working at various European memorial sites; as well as graduate students from a wide range of disciplines. This cross-disciplinary investigation is based on a symposium as well as a series of concert performances in Europe and Canada highlighting the complex and multi-layered narratives of memory. The ultimate goal of this scholarly undertaking is to understand how agents of memory — including the music we listen to, the (his)stories that we tell, and the political and social actions that we engage in — create narratives of the past that allow us to make sense of ourselves in the present and to critically contest and challenge xenophobic and nationalistic renderings of political possibilities.
Subjects: Memorialization, collective memory, art and society
Dr. Helga K. Hallgrímsdóttir is an Associate Professor in Public Administration and a Research Associate in the Centre for Global Studies at the University of Victoria. Her research interests are primarily in historical sociology, comparative political sociology with a focus on grassroots mobilization and social movements claimsmaking. She currently holds a SSHRC Insight grant as Principal Investigator on the link between austerity policies, economic downturn, and the rise of nationalism in Europe; and the principal investigator on a Jean Monnet Erasmus+ grant and SSHRC Connections grant on memory politics in Canada and Europe.
Dr. Helga Thorson is an Associate Professor in the Department of Germanic and Slavic Studies at the University of Victoria. She is the Co- Director of the I-witness Field School, a 4- week course on Holocaust memorialization in Europe, which she ran for the first time in 2011. In addition, she is the co-founder of “The Future of Holocaust Memorialization: Confronting Racism, Antisemitism and Homophobia through Memory Work” research collective and one of the co-organizers of the group’s first conference at Central European University in Budapest in 2014, followed by a second international conference at the University of Victoria in 2015. Dr. Thorson has received numerous teaching awards including the Faculty of Humanities Teaching Excellence Award at the University of Victoria in 2012; the Excellence in Teaching for Experiential Learning Award at the University of Victoria in 2017; and most recently a 2019 3M National Teaching Award.
Dr. Dawn Sii-yaa-ilth-supt Smith, EdD, is Nuuchah-nulth from Ehattesaht, but grew up in W̱SÁNEĆ (specifically Tsawout). She has a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science with a Minor in Indigenous Studies (2003) and a Master of Arts in Indigenous Governance (2007) from the University of Victoria (UVic). In 2018, she received a degree in Educational Leadership and Policy from the University of British Columbia. Her doctoral research includes Indigenous self-determination, educational leadership, and “unsettling” the academy (decolonization, indigenization, reconciliation). She has been working with First Nations communities since 1993 and worked 16 years at UVic. Currently she works at Camosun College as the Indigenization and Sustainability Education Developer.
Dr. Ildikó Barna is an Associate Professor of Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences, at Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, where she also serves as Head of the Department for Social Research Methodology. Her research interests include quantitative social research, Holocaust and post-Holocaust Studies, antisemitism, hate crimes and hate speech, and quantitative research on historical data. In 2015, she was a Visiting Fellow at the USHMM, Washington DC, where she started her research project on Hungarian Jewish DPs using the International Tracing Service Archive. She has written a number of publications, including Political Justice in Budapest after World War II, coauthored with Andrea Pető, and Hungary in Modern Antisemitism in the Visegrád Countries, edited with Anikó Félix.
Tamara Amoroso Gonçalves is a PhD candidate in the Law and Society Program at the University of Victoria and a Fellow at the Centre for Global Studies. She is also a research associate at the Simone de Beauvoir Institute in Montreal (Concordia University). Her research focuses on the gender dimension of the disputes regarding Brazilian consumer law, which defines discriminatory advertising as illegal. She has been part of the Brazilian feminist movement for 14 years through national and international networks (CLADEM/Brazil and Rede Mulher e Mídia). She also worked for the Brazilian Federal Government with consumer national public policies and with non-governmental organizations engaged with human rights.
Dr. Charlotte Schallié is an Associate Professor of Germanic Studies at the University of Victoria, Canada. Her research interests include post-1945 German literature and film, transcultural studies, Jewish identity in contemporary cultural discourse, and Holocaust education. She served as the director of the European Studies program at the University of Victoria for several years. Charlotte Schallié co-founded “The Future of Holocaust Memorialization: Confronting Racism, Antisemitism, and Homophobia through Memory Work” research collective. Together with Helga Thorson and Andrea van Noord, she was a co-organizer of the Global Connections: Critical Holocaust Education in a Time of Transition conference at the University of Victoria in 2015.
Dániel Péter Biró is an Associate Professor/Førsteamanuensis at the Grieg Academy, University of Bergen. After studying in Hungary, Germany, and Austria, he completed his PhD at Princeton University in 2004 and taught Composition and Music Theory at the University of Victoria. He has been commissioned by major festivals and venues and won international composition prizes. He has served as Visiting Professor at Utrecht University (2011) and Fellow at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University (2014-2015). He was elected to the College of New Scholars, Scientists, and Artists in the Royal Society of Canada in 2015 and awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship in 2017. His compositions are performed around the world.
Lorraine Dumont is a PhD student associated with the International Law Center (CERIC: https://dice.univ-amu.fr/fr/dice/ceric) at Aix-Marseille University (France). Her PhD subject is “The Theories of Justice and the International Human Rights Law.” She works for a Legal Clinic of Human Rights (http://www.aixglobaljustice.org/) and presides over the Association Française pour les Nations Unies — Section Aix-en-Provence (http://obsnu.fr/). She also has a Master’s degree in Public International Law with a specialization in Feminist Legal Criticism. Her central areas of interest are in the uses of legal speech and its concepts, the dynamics of interactions between individuals, and the gaps existing between arguments based on morality, justice, and Law.
Dr. Matthias Heyl, born in 1965 in Hamburg, Germany, studied history, psychology, and education in Hamburg. He finished his doctorate with a comparative study of Holocaust Education in Germany, the Netherlands, Israel, and the US in 1996. He served as the Head of the Research and Study Center on Holocaust Education in Hamburg from 1997 to 2002, and since 2002 he has served as the Head of the International Youth Meeting Center Ravensbrück and Head of the Educational Department of Ravensbrück Memorial Museum. He is the author of several books and articles on the history of the Holocaust and Holocaust education.
Ethan Calof is a masters student in the University of Victoria’s Department of Germanic and Slavic Studies and an Ian H. Stewart Graduate Student Fellow at the Centre for Studies in Religion and Society (CSRS). He participated in the CSRS’s annual public lecture series with a talk, “The Bold New Men: Jewish-Russian Literature and Masculinity,” charting a large shift in Jewish self-conception and self-actualization in the early 20th century. Other research interests include cultural memory as expressed by contemporary popular culture, Holocaust memory and identity, fanfiction, xenophobia, and the manifestations of cultural trauma.
Dr. Alain Chouraqui is Président of the Camp des Milles Foundation-Memory and Education, Emeritus research director at the French National Centre for scientific research (Law and Sociology of regulations), and holder of the UNESCO Chair “Education for Citizenship, Human Sciences and Converging Memories.”
Dr. Lena Casiez is Research Officer in the Memorial Site of Les Milles Camp, Member of the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA) French Delegation, Fellow at the Institute for International Humanitarian Studies, Aix- Marseille University, and Aix Global Justice Human Rights Clinic Coordinator.
Emily MacCallum is a versatile Canadian violinist, comfortable in both the classical canon and a variety of genres (including folk, Celtic, Scandinavian, and Québécois). She was a member of the North Shore Celtic Ensemble for seven years, and recorded three albums with the group. She has travelled on tour across Canada and Scotland and participated in both solo and chamber competitions. MacCallum studied music at the University of Victoria where she started working with composers and quickly became an avid interpreter and performer of new music. She is currently pursuing a Master’s degree in Musicology at the University of Toronto.
Paige Thombs is a graduate student in History at the University of Victoria, with a concentration in Cultural, Social, and Political Thought, and the Ian H. Stewart Fellow at the Centre for Studies in Religion and Society. Her interests lie in exploring shifting identities, religious pluralism, and the places where religion and law appear to conflict. She is currently exploring Trinity Western University’s changes to its Community Covenant as a response to secularization.
Dr. Adam Scime is a young composer, performer, and educator, who has been praised as “a fantastic success” (CBC) and “Astounding, the musical result was remarkable” (icareifyoulisten.com). His work has received many awards including the 2015 Canadian Music Centre Toronto Emerging Composer Award, the Socan Young Composer Competition, the Karen Keiser Prize in Canadian Music, the Esprit Young Composer Competition, and first prize in the 2018 Land’s End Composer Competition. He was recently selected for the Ensemble contemporain de Montréal (ECM+) 2016 Generations Project during which his piece Liminal Pathways was toured across nine Canadian cities. Additionally, Scime’s music continues to be performed and commissioned by many renowned ensembles and soloists including Nouvelle Ensemble Moderne, The Esprit Orchestra, Array Music, The National Arts Centre Orchestra, The Thin Edge New Music
Collective, The Hamilton Philharmonic, l’Orchestre de la Francophonie The Gryphon Trio, New Music Concerts, Soundstreams, The Bicycle Opera Project, Véronique Mathieu, Nadina Mackie Jackson, and Carla Huhtanen, among others. He recently received his doctorate from the University of Toronto.
Kimberley Farris-Manning is a trained musician and sculptor, who completed her degree in Music Composition at the University of Victoria (BMus 18). Over the past few years she has enjoyed designing, installing, and performing various multimedia works. She is interested in how relationships between objects are manifested through material changes over time. More specifically, she is interested in the process of inscription: that is, how objects hold and convey experience and time. She makes art as a form of inquiry: to pose or construct a space in which to contemplate the fragility and contradictory nature of equilibrium.
Dr. Emmanuel Brunet-Jailly is a Professor at the School of Public Administration at the University of Victoria. He is a political scientist, specializing in comparative and urban politics. He holds a SSHRC Partnership Grant on Borders in Globalization and is a Jean Monnet Chair in Complex Policy and Governance.
NARRATIVES OF MEMORY, MIGRATION, AND XENOPHOBIA IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND CANADA
LIST OF FIGURES
Chapter 1 | AUSTERITY TALK AND CRISIS NARRATIVES
Chapter 2 | I-WITNESS HOLOCAUST FIELD SCHOOL EXPERIENCES, INDIGENOUS PEOPLES, AND RECONCILIATION IN CANADA
Chapter 3 | ANTI-IMMIGRATION PROPAGANDA AND THE FACTORS THAT LED TO ITS SUCCESS IN HUNGARY
Chapter 4 | ECHOES FROM BRAZIL
Chapter 5 | STUDIES IN CONTRAST
Chapter 6 | THE INDIVIDUAL’S INTERACTION WITH MEMORIAL SITES
Chapter 7 | ON RAVENSBRÜCK
Chapter 8 | UNPACKING MY JEWISH IDENTITY THROUGH THE RAVENSBRÜCK MEMORIAL SITE
Chapter 9 | FROM THE BREEDING GROUND OF SOCIAL TENSIONS TO GENOCIDE
Chapter 10 | THE IMPACT OF LISTENING TO LUIGI NONO’S IL CANTO SOSPESO
Chapter 11 | PHOTOGRAPHS AND MEMORIES
Chapter 12 | INSIDE-OUTSIDE
Chapter 13 | “VORSTELLEN” AS
Chapter 14 | COMPOSING לּובְּג (BORDER)
Appendix A | SYLLABUS
Appendix B | COURSE SCHEDULE: EU SUMMER FIELD SCHOOL
ABOUT THE EDITORS